I always use the word "cookstove" to denote a stove which is used for cooking and is fueled by wood or coal. This is a common use of the word, and most people know exactly what I mean when I use the word this way. However, our ancestors used this word to indicate only the small stoves which looked like the picture below. The Original Fannie Farmer 1896 Cook Book notes that the ovens on these stoves could usually be opened from both sides. One of the oven doors is open in the picture below. The door to the upper left of the oven door would have been one way to access the firebox, which jutted into the top left area of the oven.
|Photo from amberghistory.org|
A kitchen "range" was so named because of the larger range of different heat levels that it allowed the cook. A range, or "set range," was a built-in affair which usually had its firebox in the center. Ovens would appear on each side of the firebox, or might appear above the cooktop altogether, as in the picture below.
|Photo of a range at the Culinary Arts Museum in Providence, RI, |
|Enterprise-Fawcett's Monarch Range. This picture|
is from their website: www.enterprise-fawcett.com.
This is a "portable range."
Phew! I'm glad we've got this all cleared up.